Thursday, 8 March 2012

Hazrat Imam Sharfuddin Busiri

Bismillah hir rahman nir raheem

Allahumma Salle ‘Ala Syedina Muhammadin Wa ‘Ala Aalihi Syedina Muhammadin Wa Barik Wa Sallim

‘Ala Inna Auliyah Allahu Laqaufum Alaiheem Walahum Yazanoon


HAZRATH IMAM SHARFUDDIN BUSIRI ( QADDAS ALLAHU SIRRA UL AZEEZ ), Author of World Famous Qasida Burda Dargah Shareef in Alexandria, Egypt



Imam Sharfuddin Busiri popularly known as Imam Busiri the Author of Qaseeda Burda shareef

Imam Sharfuddin Busiri popularly known as Imam Busiri the Author of Qaseeda Burda shareef

Imam Sharfuddin Busiri popularly known as Imam Busiri the Author of Qaseeda Burda shareef

Mazar-e-Mubarak View Hazrat Imam Sharfuddin Busiri ( Qaddas Allahu Sirra ul Azeez ), Alexandria, Egypt




Inside View of the Masjid of Hazrat Imam Sharfuddin Busiri ( Qaddas Allahu Sirra ul Azeez )


Brief Biography of Hazrat Imam Sharfuddin Busiri ( Qaddas Allahu Sirra ul Azeez )

Dargah Shareef / Masjid Name : Hazrat Imam Sharaf al-Din al-Busiri
( Qaddas Allahu Sirra ul Azeez ) Populary Known as Hazrat Imam Busiri ( Qaddas Allahu Sirra ul Azeez )


( The Author of World Famous Qaseedah Burdah Shareef )

Place Dargah Shareef Situated : Anfushi District of Alexadria

Country : Egypt.

Hazrat Sharaf al-Din Abi Abdullah al-Busiri ( Qaddas Allahu Sirra ul Azeez ) was born in Egypt to a family of Berber origin. He studied in Cairo, where he specialised in hadith and Arabic literature, two disciplines that helped to make him the
foremost exponent of Muslim religious poetry. Much of his professional life was spent in the three holy cities, where he became a famous teacher of the Qur'an. After his return to Egypt, where he managed a
Qur'anic school, he passed on to his Lord. The exact year of his death is not known, but 1296 is the most commonly given date.



Mazar-e-Mubarak View Hazrat Imam Sharfuddin Busiri ( Qaddas Allahu Sirra ul Azeez ), Alexandria, Egypt




Inside View of the Masjid of Hazrat Imam Sharfuddin Busiri ( Qaddas Allahu Sirra ul Azeez )

Almost all of Hazrat Imam Sharfuddin Busiri Qaddas Allahu Sirra ul Azeez's written work takes the form of poetry,including a long and extraordinary poetic commentary on Christianity and Judaism, based on his study of the Bible. He also wrote a Diwan,
an anthology of poems on a wide range of subjects. His best-known work, however, is the Burdah ('Poem of the Cloak'), which rapidly became the most popular religious poem in the Islamic world, a
position which it retains to this day.

The Burda, or the Prophet's Mantle or Cloak, is a qasida (poem) composed by Imam Sharafuddin Muhammad Al-Busiri, may Allah have mercy on him. Imam Busiri was born in Egypt in 608 A.H. and died in 695 A.H. (corresponding to 1212 C.E to 1296 C.E.).

Imam Busiri composed the qasida after suffering from a stroke which left him partially paralysed. He prayed to Allah for a cure then fell asleep. In a dream, he saw himself reciting the qasida to the Holy Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, who then touched the paralysed part of his body and threw his mantle or Burda over him. On awakening, he discovered he had been cured of his paralysis.

The verses of The Burda have since been learned by heart and inscribed on the walls of mosques and madrassas all over the Muslim world, and it is congregationally recited all over the world.



Outside View of Masjid of Hazrat Imam Sharfuddin Busiri ( Qaddas Allahu Sirra ul Azeez ), Alexandria, Egypt


More than 90 commentaries have been written on this qasida, and it has been translated in Persian, Urdu, Turkish, Berber, Punjabi, French, and German, to name but a few languages.

The Burda is in 10 parts and has 160 verses all of which end with the Arabic letter Meem.

His tomb and mosque in the Anfushi district of Alexandria have recently been restored with the help of local benefactors, and are again playing an important part in the life of the city, attracting
visitors from around the world.
The present structure mainly dates from the year 1863, when Muhammed Said Pasha, the son of the well-known Egyptian/Albanian governor Muhammad Ali Pasha, sponsored a complete reconstruction of a much older and more modest structure. The architecture is of Ottoman inspiration, with three large domes and a courtyard with ablutions-fountain (sadrvan). Further remodelling took place in 1889 under the khedive Tawfiq, and again in the late 1990s. The mosque is noted for its fine mural calligraphy, which includes 94 verses of al-Busiri’s famous poem al-Burda inscribed in ta’liq script. There are also several important Qur’anic inscriptions by the calligrapher Abd al-Ghaffar al-Duri, together with dedicatory lines in Arabic and Turkish.



Mazar-e-Mubarak View Hazrat Imam Sharfuddin Busiri ( Qaddas Allahu Sirra ul Azeez ), Alexandria, Egypt







Mazar-e-Mubarak View Hazrat Imam Sharfuddin Busiri ( Qaddas Allahu Sirra ul Azeez ), Alexandria, Egypt




The reason for writing Qaseedah Burdah Shareef :

The writer HAZRAT IMAAM SAALIH SHARA-FUD-DEEN ABU ABDULIAH MUHAMMAD BIN HASAN AL-BUSAIRI R.A had become paralysed. His doctors and physicians gave up all hope of his recovery. Eventually in this state of complete helplessness and despair he composed this poem expressing the grandeur and excellence of Sayyidina Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam. Using this as his sole means of asking Allah Ta'alaa to cure him from his illness. He isolated himself in a quiet place one Thursday night and with complete devotion, concentration and sincerity/ began reciting this poem. While reciting it sleep overcame him. He had a vision of Sayyidina. Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam. He told Sayyidina Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam of his illness whereupon Sayyidina Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam passed his blessed hand over Imam Busairi's body. Through the barakat and blessing of Sayyidina, Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam Allah Ta’alaa granted him complete cure from his paralysis. When he awoke he found a scarf or shawl on his body which he had seen Sayyidina
Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam place on his paralysed limbs. This resulted in the poem being named "Qasidah Burdah" (The Poem of the Scarf).



Outside View of Masjid Walls of Hazrat Imam Busiri Qaddas Allahu sirra ul azeez


In the morning when due to some necessity. he went to the bazaar, a pious dervish greeted him with salaam and requested him to recite the qasidah which he had composed in praise of Sayyidina Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam The poet said that I have composed many poems in praise of Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, which one do you wish to hear? The dervish replied: 'The one which begins with, A-min Tazak-kurin (i.e. Qasidah Burdah)". Upon this request the poet became wonder struck and said, "I take an oath that no one knows about this poem. Tell me the truth, from whom did you hear about it?" The dervish replied, "I take an oath by Allah that I heard it from you last night when in a dream you had recited it to Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, whereupon Sayyidina Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam became attentive towards you and because of its blessings Allah Ta'alaa granted you complete cure from your ailment". When the poet gave this poem to the dervish his secret became known to all the people and its barakat and blessings too became general for all.



Imam Sharfuddin Busiri popularly known as the Author of Qaseeda Burda shareef

Imam Sharfuddin Busiri popularly known as the Author of Qaseeda Burda shareef

Imam Sharfuddin Busiri popularly known as the Author of Qaseeda Burda shareef



When this poem reached Baha-ud-deen the governor of the country named Tahir, he so highly regarded and respected it that he would stand while listening to it.


It is also narrated that Sa'aadud-deen Farouqi, who was a viceroy of Baha-ud-deen, had became blind. In a dream he saw a pious person who told him to take the Qasidah Burdah from Baha-ud-deen and place it on
his eyes. In the morning he told Baha-ud-deen about this dream. The Qasidah Burdah was brought and with full sincerity and conviction Sa'aadud-deen placed it on his eyes. Through its barakat Allah Ta'alaa
granted him complete cure and restored his eyesight.








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